Table 290.
学位授与高等教育機関の講義担当教員数 フルタイム対パートタイム、性別、州(公)私立別、2年/4年制大学別:
1970年秋学期ー2011年秋学期(特定年次に限る)
Table 290.
Number of instructional faculty in degree-granting institutions, by employment status, sex, control,
and level of institution:
Selected years, fall 1970 through fall 2011
合計 フルタイム対パートタイム 性別 州(公)私立 2年/4年制
フルタイム パートタイム フルタイムの割合 女性の割合 州立(公立) 私立  4年制 2年制
合計 非営利 営利
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
1970 474,000 369,000 104,000 77.8 --- --- --- 314,000 160,000 --- --- 382,000 92,000
1971\1\  492,000 379,000 113,000 77.0 --- --- --- 333,000 159,000 --- --- 387,000 105,000
1972 500,000 380,000 120,000 76.0 --- --- --- 343,000 157,000 --- --- 384,000 116,000
1973\1\  527,000 389,000 138,000 73.8 --- --- --- 365,000 162,000 --- --- 401,000 126,000
1974\1\  567,000 406,000 161,000 71.6 --- --- --- 397,000 170,000 --- --- 427,000 140,000
                           
1975\1\  628,000 440,000 188,000 70.1 --- --- --- 443,000 185,000 --- --- 467,000 161,000
1976 633,000 434,000 199,000 68.6 --- --- --- 449,000 184,000 --- --- 467,000 166,000
1977 678,000 448,000 230,000 66.1 --- --- --- 492,000 186,000 --- --- 485,000 193,000
1979\1\  675,000 445,000 230,000 65.9 --- --- --- 488,000 187,000 --- --- 494,000 182,000
1980\1\  686,000 450,000 236,000 65.6 --- --- --- 495,000 191,000 --- --- 494,000 192,000
                           
1981 705,000 461,000 244,000 65.4 --- --- --- 509,000 196,000 --- --- 493,000 212,000
1982\1\  710,000 462,000 248,000 65.1 --- --- --- 506,000 204,000 --- --- 493,000 217,000
1983 724,000 471,000 254,000 65.1 --- --- --- 512,000 212,000 --- --- 504,000 220,000
1984\1\  717,000 462,000 255,000 64.4 --- --- --- 505,000 212,000 --- --- 504,000 213,000
1985\1\  715,000 459,000 256,000 64.2 --- --- --- 503,000 212,000 --- --- 504,000 211,000
                           
1986\1\  722,000 459,000 263,000 63.6 --- --- --- 510,000 212,000 --- --- 506,000 216,000
1987\2\  793,070 523,420 269,650 66.0 529,413 263,657 33.2 552,749 240,321 --- --- 547,505 245,565
1989\2\  824,220 524,426 299,794 63.6 534,254 289,966 35.2 577,298 246,922 --- --- 583,700 240,520
1991\2\  826,252 535,623 290,629 64.8 525,599 300,653 36.4 580,908 245,344 236,066 9,278 591,269 234,983
1993\2\  915,474 545,706 369,768 59.6 561,123 354,351 38.7 650,434 265,040 254,130 10,910 625,969 289,505
                           
1995\2\  931,706 550,822 380,884 59.1 562,893 368,813 39.6 656,833 274,873 260,900 13,973 647,059 284,647
1997\2\  989,813 568,719 421,094 57.5 587,420 402,393 40.7 694,560 295,253 271,257 23,996 682,650 307,163
1999\2\  1,027,830 590,937 436,893 57.5 602,469 425,361 41.4 713,325 314,505 284,652 29,853 713,823 314,007
2001\2\  1,113,183 617,868 495,315 55.5 644,514 468,669 42.1 771,124 342,059 306,487 35,572 764,172 349,011
2003\2\  1,173,593 630,092 543,501 53.7 663,723 509,870 43.4 791,766 381,827 330,097 51,730 814,289 359,304
                           
2005\2\  1,290,426 675,624 614,802 52.4 714,453 575,973 44.6 841,188 449,238 361,523 87,715 916,996 373,430
2007\2\  1,371,390 703,463 667,927 51.3 743,812 627,578 45.8 877,146 494,244 385,875 108,369 990,849 380,541
2009\2\  1,439,144 728,977 710,167 50.7 761,035 678,109 47.1 913,679 525,465 408,561 116,904 1,038,483 400,661
2011\2\  1,523,615 761,619 761,996 50.0 789,197 734,418 48.2 953,230 570,385 432,733 137,652 1,115,627 407,988
<日本語注>
---データが存在していない。
\1\在籍数に基づいて推定。推定手法の詳細は、National Center for Education Statistics, Projections of Education Statistics to 2000 を参照。
\2\1987年以降調査手法が変更されたため、それ以前のデータと直接比較することはできない。
注:教授、准教授、助教、講師、専任講師、非常勤教授、臨時の教授(もしくはそれと同等の者)の職に就いている教員を含む。大学院として、授業を受け持っている学生は含まれていない。1995年以前は異なる高等教育機関の定義が用いられていた。1996年以降は、学位授与高等教育機関として、修業年限2年の、日本で言うところの短大学士に相当する学位、またはそれ以上の学位を授与し、高等教育法第4章に定められた連邦政府の奨学金プログラムに参加している機関を指す(高等教育法第4章の連邦政府の奨学金プログラムに関しての詳細は用語集参照)。1996年以降の高等教育機関の定義は、それ以前の定義と類似しているが、96年以降の定義のもとでは、それ以前含まれなかった2年制大学が多少含まれている一方で、それ以前に含まれていた学位を授与しない高等教育機関が多少除かれている。2007年から15人未満のフルタイム教職員のいる高等教育機関も含む。これらの高等教育機関は2007年以前職員データを報告していなかった。小数点第2位以下を四捨五入しているため、割合の合計が100にならない場合もある。
<英語注>
---Not available.  
\1\Estimated on the basis of enrollment. For methodological details on estimates, see National Center for Education Statistics, Projections of Education Statistics to 2000.
\2\Because of revised survey methods, data are not directly comparable with figures for years prior to 1987.
NOTE: Includes faculty members with the title of professor, associate professor, assistant professor, instructor, lecturer, assisting professor, adjunct professor, or interim professor (or the equivalent). Excluded are graduate students with titles such as graduate or teaching fellow who assist senior faculty. Data through 1995 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not grant degrees. Beginning in 2007, includes institutions with fewer than 15 full-time employees; these institutions did not report staff data prior to 2007. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), Employees in Institutions of Higher Education, 1970 and 1972, and "Staff Survey" 1976; Projections of Education Statistics to 2000; Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Fall Staff Survey" (IPEDS-S:87-99); IPEDS Winter 2001-02 through Winter 2011-12, Human Resources component, Fall Staff section; and U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Higher Education Staff Information Survey (EEO-6), 1977, 1981, and 1983. (This table was prepared July 2012.)