Table 373.
学位授与高等教育機関数 入試選考基準別 州(公)私立別、2年/4年制別:
2000ー01年から2011ー12年(特定年次に限る)
Table 373.
Number and percentage of degree-granting institutions with first-year undergraduates using various selection criteria for admission, by control and level of institution:
Selected years, 2000-01 through 2011-12
選考基準 全高等教育機関 州立(公立)高等教育機関 私立高等教育機関
合計 4年制 2年制 合計 4年制 2年制 合計 4年制 2年制 非営利 営利
合計 4年制 2年制 合計 4年制 2年制
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
  新入生を受け入れた高等教育機関数
2000-01 3,717 2,034 1,683 1,647 580 1,067 2,070 1,454 616 1,383 1,247 136 687 207 480
2005-06                                                                                                                                                      3,880 2,198 1,682 1,638 588 1,050 2,242 1,610 632 1,351 1,240 111 891 370 521
2010-11                                                                                                                                                      4,209 2,487 1,722 1,614 637 977 2,595 1,850 745 1,321 1,238 83 1,274 612 662
2011-12 4,284 2,556 1,728 1,606 640 966 2,678 1,916 762 1,338 1,244 94 1,340 672 668
  高等教育機関の割合
オープンアドミッション /1/                              
2000-01 40.2 12.9 73.2 63.8 12.1 91.9 21.4 13.3 40.7 14.0 11.7 34.6 36.5 22.7 42.5
2005-06                                                                                                                                                      44.7 18.3 79.3 66.1 13.6 95.4 29.2 20.1 52.4 15.3 13.1 40.5 50.2 43.5 54.9
2010-11                                                                                                                                                      47.2 22.5 82.9 65.7 17.7 96.9 35.8 24.2 64.6 15.4 13.0 51.8 56.8 46.7 66.2
2011-12 50.2 24.9 87.6 65.5 17.5 97.3 41.0 27.4 75.2 16.2 13.7 50.0 65.7 52.8 78.7
                               
入学条件あり \2\                              
2000-01 58.4 85.8 25.1 35.4 87.4 7.1 76.6 85.2 56.3 84.5 86.8 63.2 60.7 75.4 54.4
2005-06                                                                                                                                                      53.4 80.5 18.0 33.6 86.1 4.3 67.9 78.5 40.8 84.2 86.5 57.7 43.2 51.6 37.2
2010-11                                                                                                                                                      50.1 75.6 13.3 34.3 82.3 3.1 59.9 73.3 26.7 84.3 86.7 48.2 34.7 46.2 24.0
2011-12 48.4 73.9 10.8 34.5 82.5 2.7 56.8 71.0 21.0 82.4 85.9 35.1 31.2 43.3 19.0
                               
  高校の成績                              
  2000-01 34.6 58.7 5.5 23.9 63.4 2.4 43.0 56.7 10.7 60.1 64.1 23.5 8.7 12.6 7.1
  2005-06                                                                                                                                                      34.1 57.1 4.2 25.9 68.4 2.2 40.1 53.0 7.4 62.8 66.2 25.2 5.7 8.6 3.6
  2010-11                                                                                                                                                      33.3 54.2 3.2 27.8 67.8 1.7 36.7 49.5 5.1 66.0 68.7 26.5 6.4 10.6 2.4
  2011-12 33.7 54.4 3.1 28.3 68.4 1.8 36.9 49.7 4.7 65.4 68.8 20.2 8.5 14.4 2.5
                               
  校内学力順位                              
  2000-01 13.7 24.3 1.0 10.9 30.3 0.3 16.0 21.9 2.3 23.2 25.1 5.9 1.6 2.4 1.3
  2005-06                                                                                                                                                      11.3 19.4 0.7 10.4 28.7 0.2 11.9 16.0 1.6 19.3 20.5 6.3 0.7 0.8 0.6
  2010-11                                                                                                                                                      8.4 13.9 0.4 9.2 22.9 0.3 7.8 10.8 0.5 15.0 15.8 3.6 0.4 0.7 0.2
  2011-12 8.7 14.2 0.5 9.1 22.3 0.3 8.4 11.5 0.7 14.3 15.2 3.2 2.5 4.6 0.3
                               
  高校の履修授業の内訳                              
  2000-01 45.8 70.3 16.2 29.4 72.9 5.8 58.7 69.2 34.1 73.2 75.5 52.2 29.5 30.9 29.0
  2005-06                                                                                                                                                      48.5 73.3 15.9 30.8 78.2 4.2 61.4 71.6 35.4 77.6 79.7 55.0 36.7 44.3 31.3
  2010-11                                                                                                                                                      45.8 70.1 10.8 33.0 78.8 3.1 53.8 67.1 20.9 77.1 79.4 42.2 29.7 42.2 18.3
  2011-12 44.6 68.8 8.9 32.9 78.6 2.7 51.6 65.5 16.7 75.6 79.0 30.9 27.6 40.5 14.7
                               
  大学進学準備プログラム                              
  2000-01 15.5 27.3 1.2 16.2 44.0 1.1 14.9 20.7 1.3 22.1 24.1 4.4 0.4 0.5 0.4
  2005-06                                                                                                                                                      15.2 26.4 0.6 17.4 47.1 0.8 13.6 18.8 0.3 22.4 24.3 1.8 0.2 0.5 0.0
  2010-11                                                                                                                                                      14.7 24.4 0.6 18.3 45.4 0.7 12.4 17.1 0.5 24.0 25.4 2.4 0.3 0.3 0.3
  2011-12 14.4 23.8 0.5 18.6 45.6 0.7 11.9 16.5 0.1 23.8 25.5 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
                               
  推薦状                              
  2000-01 20.4 34.4 3.5 2.7 7.4 0.2 34.4 45.1 9.3 46.6 49.2 22.8 10.0 20.8 5.4
  2005-06                                                                                                                                                      19.2 31.9 2.5 2.9 7.7 0.2 31.1 40.8 6.3 49.1 51.5 23.4 3.7 5.1 2.7
  2010-11                                                                                                                                                      18.1 29.2 2.1 3.3 8.3 0.1 27.2 36.3 4.7 51.6 53.3 25.3 2.0 2.0 2.1
  2011-12 17.9 28.6 2.0 3.5 8.8 0.1 26.4 35.2 4.3 50.7 53.0 20.2 2.2 2.4 2.1
                               
  資格・能力等の証明 \3\                              
  2000-01 8.0 12.1 3.0 2.2 5.0 0.7 12.7 15.0 7.1 12.1 12.7 7.4 13.7 29.0 7.1
  2005-06                                                                                                                                                      7.0 9.8 3.3 2.3 6.1 0.2 10.3 11.1 8.4 10.2 10.3 9.0 10.5 13.8 8.3
  2010-11                                                                                                                                                      5.8 8.0 2.5 1.8 4.6 0.0 8.2 9.2 5.8 8.9 8.8 9.6 7.6 10.1 5.3
  2011-12 4.8 6.8 1.7 1.7 4.2 0.0 6.6 7.7 3.9 8.6 8.7 7.4 4.7 6.0 3.4
                               
  テストスコア\4\                              
  2000-01 47.2 72.5 16.7 33.2 83.4 5.8 58.5 68.2 35.6 70.3 73.4 41.9 34.6 36.7 33.8
  2005-06                                                                                                                                                      36.5 62.5 2.6 31.1 82.3 2.4 40.5 55.2 3.0 65.7 70.5 12.6 2.2 4.1 1.0
  2010-11                                                                                                                                                      31.3 51.6 1.9 30.4 73.9 1.9 31.8 43.9 1.7 61.6 64.9 13.3 0.9 1.6 0.3
  2011-12 30.2 49.7 1.4 30.8 74.5 1.8 29.9 41.4 1.0 59.0 62.9 7.4 0.8 1.5 0.1
                               
  TOEFL\5\                              
  2000-01 43.4 71.2 9.9 30.2 77.4 4.6 54.0 68.7 19.2 66.2 70.1 30.9 29.3 60.4 15.8
  2005-06                                                                                                                                                      41.5 67.9 7.1 31.0 79.3 3.9 49.3 63.8 12.3 67.0 70.6 27.0 22.4 41.1 9.2
  2010-11                                                                                                                                                      38.7 61.9 5.1 29.8 71.4 2.7 44.2 58.6 8.3 66.3 69.1 25.3 21.3 37.6 6.2
  2011-12 37.6 60.3 4.1 29.7 71.1 2.3 42.4 56.7 6.3 65.2 68.7 18.1 19.6 34.5 4.6
                               
入学条件はないが、推薦状は必要                              
  2000-01 1.4 1.2 1.7 0.8 0.5 0.9 1.9 1.5 2.9 1.5 1.4 2.2 2.8 1.9 3.1
  2005-06                                                                                                                                                      1.8 1.1 2.7 0.3 0.3 0.3 2.9 1.4 6.8 0.5 0.4 1.8 6.6 4.9 7.9
  2010-11                                                                                                                                                      2.7 1.9 3.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.3 2.5 8.7 0.3 0.3 0.0 8.5 7.0 9.8
  2011-12 1.4 1.2 1.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.2 1.6 3.8 1.4 0.4 14.9 3.1 3.9 2.2
 
<日本語注>
\1\オープンアドミッションとは、高等卒業書もしくはそれと同等の資格があれば、合格出来る入学基準を指す。
\2\多くの高等教育機関では一つ以上の入学条件がある。
\3\資格の正式の証明(ポートフォリオ、専門技能の免許、評価テスト。)
\4\SATやACT、その他入学テストを含む。
\5\TOEFLとはTest of English as a Foreign Languageの略である。英語を母国語としない者が受ける必要がある。TOEFLの詳細は用語集を参照。
:学位授与高等教育機関として、修業年限2年の、日本で言うところの短大学士に相当する学位、またはそれ以上の学位を授与し、高等教育法第4章に定められた連邦政府の奨学金プログラムに参加している機関を指す(高等教育法第4章の連邦政府の奨学金プログラムに関しての詳細は用語集参照)。小数点第2位以下を四捨五入しているため、割合の合計が100にならない場合もある。
<英語注>
\1\Many institutions have more than one admission requirement.
\2\Formal demonstration of competencies (e.g., portfolios, certificates of mastery, assessment instruments).
\3\Includes SAT, ACT, or other admission tests.
\4\Test of English as a Foreign Language.
NOTE: Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.  
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), Fall 2000 through Fall 2011, Institutional Characteristics component. (This table was prepared July 2012.)