Table 380.
大学院共通試験(Graduate Record Examination (GRE))一般テストと専門テスト(general and subject tests)の平均スコア:
1965年ー2011年
Table 380
Average scores on Graduate Record Examination (GRE) general and subject tests:
1965 through 201

[丸括弧中に標準偏差を表示]
学年度 GRE受験者数 GRE受験者における学士号保持者率\1\ 一般テスト 専門テスト
言語力 定量分析 論理的思考 論理的作文 細胞生物化学、分子生物学 生物学 化学 コンピューター科学 教育 工学 言語 数学 物理 心理学
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
1965 93,792   18.7 530 [124] 533 [137] † [†] † [†] † [†] 617 [117] 628 [114] † [†] 481 [86] 618 [108] 591 [95] --- [†] --- [†] 556 [91]
1966 123,960   23.8 520 [124] 528 [133] † [†] † [†] † [†] 610 [115] 618 [110] † [†] 474 [87] 609 [106] 588 [94] --- [†] --- [†] 552 [91]
1967 151,134   27.0 519 [125] 528 [134] † [†] † [†] † [†] 613 [114] 615 [104] † [†] 476 [90] 603 [104] 582 [91] --- [†] --- [†] 553 [93]
1968 182,432   28.8 520 [124] 527 [135] † [†] † [†] † [†] 614 [114] 617 [104] † [†] 478 [87] 601 [105] 572 [91] --- [†] --- [†] 547 [93]
1969 206,113   28.3 515 [124] 524 [132] † [†] † [†] † [†] 613 [112] 613 [104] † [†] 477 [88] 591 [103] 569 [89] --- [†] --- [†] 543 [89]
                                                               
1970 265,359   33.5 503 [123] 516 [132] † [†] † [†] † [†] 603 [111] 613 [113] † [†] 462 [92] 586 [110] 556 [90] --- [†] --- [†] 532 [91]
1971 293,600   35.0 497 [125] 512 [134] † [†] † [†] † [†] 603 [114] 618 [117] † [†] 457 [95] 587 [115] 546 [91] --- [†] --- [†] 530 [92]
1972 293,506   33.1 494 [126] 508 [136] † [†] † [†] † [†] 606 [115] 624 [124] † [†] 446 [93] 594 [119] 544 [96] --- [†] --- [†] 528 [92]
1973 290,104   31.5 497 [125] 512 [135] † [†] † [†] † [†] 619 [110] 630 [114] † [†] 459 [96] 593 [114] 545 [96] --- [†] --- [†] 529 [92]
1974 301,070   31.8 492 [126] 509 [137] † [†] † [†] † [†] 624 [110] 634 [115] † [†] 452 [93] 591 [121] 547 [99] --- [†] --- [†] 530 [95]
                                                               
1975 298,335   32.3 493 [125] 508 [137] † [†] † [†] † [†] --- [†] --- [†] † [†] --- [†] --- [†] --- [†] --- [†] --- [†] --- [†]
1976 299,292   32.3 492 [127] 510 [138] † [†] † [†] † [†] 627 [112] 627 [107] --- [†] 454 [93] 594 [119] 539 [101] --- [†] --- [†] 531 [93]
1977 287,715   31.3 490 [129] 514 [139] † [†] † [†] † [†] 625 [113] 630 [109] --- [†] 453 [93] 592 [115] 532 [101] --- [†] --- [†] 532 [95]
1978 286,383   31.1 484 [128] 518 [135] † [†] † [†] † [†] 622 [113] 624 [108] --- [†] 452 [91] 594 [114] 530 [102] --- [†] --- [†] 529 [97]
1979 282,482   30.7 476 [130] 517 [135] † [†] † [†] † [†] 621 [117] 623 [104] --- [†] 451 [89] 592 [115] 525 [102] --- [†] --- [†] 530 [97]
                                                               
1980 272,281   29.3 474 [131] 522 [136] † [†] † [†] † [†] 619 [115] 618 [105] --- [†] 449 [90] 590 [116] 521 [105] --- [†] --- [†] 534 [98]
1981 262,855   28.1 473 [128] 523 [136] † [†] † [†] † [†] 617 [115] 615 [103] --- [†] 453 [90] 590 [116] 520 [99] --- [†] --- [†] 532 [97]
1982 256,381   26.9 469 [130] 533 [137] 498 [126] † [†] † [†] 616 [114] 616 [105] --- [†] 456 [89] 593 [115] 521 [100] --- [†] --- [†] 532 [97]
1983 263,674   27.2 473 [131] 541 [138] 504 [128] † [†] † [†] 623 [115] 620 [105] --- [†] 459 [90] 599 [114] 527 [98] --- [†] --- [†] 542 [95]
1984 265,221   27.2 475 [130] 541 [139] 512 [129] † [†] † [†] 622 [115] 619 [102] --- [†] 461 [90] 604 [114] 530 [97] --- [†] --- [†] 543 [96]
                                                               
1985 271,972   27.8 474 [126] 545 [140] 516 [129] † [†] † [†] 619 [114] 621 [101] --- [†] 459 [89] 615 [120] 531 [95] --- [†] --- [†] 541 [95]
1986 279,428   28.3 475 [126] 552 [140] 520 [129] † [†] † [†] 612 [114] 628 [106] --- [†] 464 [87] 616 [119] 527 [96] --- [†] --- [†] 542 [97]
1987 293,560   29.6 477 [126] 550 [140] 521 [128] † [†] † [†] 616 [116] 629 [104] --- [†] 465 [86] 619 [119] 526 [95] --- [†] --- [†] 536 [95]
1988 303,703   30.5 483 [123] 557 [140] 528 [128] † [†] † [†] 615 [114] 631 [108] --- [†] 467 [85] 622 [120] 525 [94] --- [†] --- [†] 537 [94]
1989 326,096   32.0 484 [125] 560 [142] 530 [129] † [†] † [†] 612 [114] 642 [117] --- [†] 465 [87] 626 [116] 528 [91] --- [†] --- [†] 538 [95]
                                                               
1990 344,572   32.8 486 [123] 562 [143] 534 [128] † [†] --- [†] 612 [114] 662 [123] --- [†] 461 [84] 617 [111] 523 [92] --- [†] --- [†] 537 [95]
1991 379,882   34.7 485 [122] 562 [141] 536 [129] † [†] --- [†] 609 [113] 660 [123] --- [†] 457 [85] 611 [111] 523 [93] --- [†] --- [†] 535 [95]
1992.00 411,528   36.2 483 [120] 561 [140] 537 [129] † [†] --- [†] 605 [113] 654 [128] --- [†] 462 [82] 610 [117] 525 [92] --- [†] --- [†] 536 [95]
1993.00 400,246   34.4 481 [117] 557 [140] 541 [129] † [†] --- [†] 606 [114] 662 [133] --- [†] 462 [80] 602 [115] 516 [94] --- [†] --- [†] 536 [97]
1994.00 399,395 \2\ 34.2 479 [116] 553 [139] 545 [129] † [†] --- [†] 620 [116] 627 [113] --- [†] 493 \3\ [104] 601 [115] 517 [95] --- [†] --- [†] 538 [96]
                                                               
1995.00 389,539 \2\ 33.6 477 [115] 553 [140] 544 [131] † [†] --- [†] 622 [116] 675 [138] --- [†] 488 \3\ [102] 596 [113] 513 [96] --- [†] --- [†] 544 [98]
1996.00 376,013 \2\ 32.3 473 [114] 558 [139] 549 [131] † [†] --- [†] 614 [114] 678 [135] --- [†] 489 \3\ [104] 604 [119] 512 [97] --- [†] --- [†] 547 [99]
1997.00 376,062 \2\ 32.1 472 [113] 562 [139] 548 [129] † [†] --- [†] 620 [115] 684 [143] --- [†] 487 \3\ [103] 602 [114] 525 [100] --- [†] --- [†] 554 [99]
1998.00 364,554 \2\ 30.8 471 [113] 569 [141] 543 [133] † [†] --- [†] 628 [113] 686 [137] --- [†] 477 \3\ [100] 609 [118] 530 [100] --- [†] --- [†] 563 [100]
1999\4\  396,330   33.0 468 [114] 565 [143] 542 [133] † [†] --- [†] 626 [114] 684 [137] --- [†] †   [†] 604 [115] 527 [100] --- [†] --- [†] 559 [99]
                                                               
2000\4\  387,422   31.3 465 [116] 578 [147] 562 [141] † [†] --- [†] 629 [114] 686 [133] --- [†] † [†] --- [†] 530 [99] --- [†] --- [†] 563 [98]
2001.00 433,109   34.8 --- [†] --- [†] --- [†] † [†] --- [†] --- [†] --- [†] --- [†] † [†] --- [†] --- [†] --- [†] --- [†] --- [†]
2002.00 536,523   41.5 473 [123] 597 [151] 571 [139] † [†] --- [†] --- [†] --- [†] --- [†] † [†] † [†] --- [†] --- [†] --- [†] --- [†]
2003\5,6\  440,982   32.7 470 [121] 598 [148] † [†] 4.2 [1.0] 517 [100] 635 [114] 682 [125] 712 [97] † [†] † [†] 538 [98] 620 [131] 669 [151] 580 [101]
2004\5,6,7\  446,661   31.9 469 [120] 597 [148] † [†] 4.2 [1.0] 517 [101] 643 [115] 675 [120] 715 [93] † [†] † [†] 537 [97] 621 [130] 665 [148] 586 [101]
                                                               
2005\5,6,7\  474,594   33.0 467 [118] 591 [148] † [†] 4.2 [0.9] 518 [100] 647 [117] 675 [117] 715 [91] † [†] † [†] 540 [97] 623 [130] 672 [151] 592 [101]
2006\5,7,8\  506,633 34.1 465 [117] 584 [149] † [†] 4.1 [0.9] 519 [99] 650 [118] 677 [116] 717 [92] † [†] † [†] 541 [97] 627 [129] 678 [153] 598 [101]
2007\5,7,8\  556,729 36.5 462 [119] 584 [151] † [†] 4.0 [0.9] 521 [97] 650 [120] 689 [115] 715 [91] † [†] † [†] 542 [98] 636 [130] 686 [155] 600 [101]
2008\5,7,8\  540,441 34.6 457 [121] 586 [152] † [†] 3.9 [0.9] 525 [97] 651 [120] 694 [116] 712 [92] † [†] † [†] 541 [98] 640 [131] 692 [156] 603 [101]
2009\5,7,8\  597,171 37.3 456 [120] 590 [150] † [†] 3.8 [0.9] 523 [97] 650 [120] 699 [115] 708 [91] † [†] † [†] 541 [97] 648 [134] 692 [156] 605 [103]
2010\5\  630,212 38.2 --- [†] --- [†] † [†] --- [†] 525 [97] 651 [121] 700 [115] 702 [96] † [†] † [†] 542 [98] 650 [134] 692 [157] 609 [103]
                                                   
2011 700,713   40.8 151 \9\ [9] 151 \9\ [9] † [†] 3.7 \9\ [0.9] 525 [97] 651 [122] 703 [114] 698 [99] †   [†] † [†] 547 [98] 655 [135] 689 [156] 612 [103]
 
<日本語注>
---データは存在しない。
†該当なし。
\1\大学院共通試験(GRE)受験者はアメリカ国内外受験者を含めるが、学士号保持者はアメリカ高等教育機関で授与されたもののみを含む。
\2\合計は最低一回一般テスト(general test)を受けたものの、スコアを受け取らない選択をした受験者も含む。
\3\1994年から1998年に報告されたデータは改訂された教育テストである。
\4\専門テスト(Subject test)のスコアデータは過去3年の平均点を表し、他の年度のデータとは直接的比較可能ではない。
\5\専門テスト(Subject test)のスコアデータは過去3年の平均点である。これらのデータは1999年と2000年の除いて過去の年と直接比較可能ではない。
\6\論理的作文テスト(Analytical writing test)のスコアデータは2002年10月1日から報告年の6月30日までの間に受けた全テスト受験者の平均点である。
\7\言語及び定量テスト(Verbal and quantitative test)のスコアデータは報告年の3年前の7月1日から報告年の6月30日までに受けた受験者の3カ年平均である。これらのデータは過去の年と直接比較可能ではない。
\8\論理的作文テスト(Analytical writing test)のスコアデータは、報告年の3年前の7月1日から報告年の6月30日に受けた受験者の3カ年平均である。
\9\2011年8月1日大学院共通試験(GRE)は一般テスト(general test)を改訂された。改訂された言語思考と定量思考(verbal reasoning and quantitative reasoning )セクションのスコアは1ポイントずつの増加量で130から170点までに及ぶ。改訂された分析作文(analytical writing)セクションのスコアは0.5ポイントずつの増加量で0から6点までに及ぶ。 改訂されたgeneral testの全3セクションに関しては、2011年のスコアは2001年8月1日と2012月8月30日の間にテストを受けた全受験者の成績に基づいている。
:GREのデータはアメリカ国内外のテスト受験を含む。2011年以前GREのスコアは 言語、定量、論理的思考(verbal, quantitative, and analytical reasoning)のセクションで200から800点に及ぶ。analytical writingセクションのスコアは0.5ポイントずつの増加量で0から6点に及ぶ。このスコアの幅は200から990点になっている様々な専門テスト(subject tests)とは異なる。GREの選択式テストである論理的思考(analytical reasoning)セクションは2002年9月に中止され、エッセイベースの論理的作文(the analytical writing )セクションに取って代わった。教育専門テスト(The education subject test)は1998年4月最後にそれ以降は施行されていない。 工学専門テスト(The engineering subject test は2001年4月最後にそれ以降施行されていない。 
<英語注>
---Not available.
†Not applicable.
\1\GRE takers include examinees from inside and outside of the United States, while the bachelor's degrees include only those conferred by U.S. institutions.
\2\Total includes examinees who received no score on one or more general test measures.
\3\Data reported for 1994 through 1998 are from the revised education test. 
\4\Subject test score data reflect the 3-year average for all examinees who tested between October 1 three years prior to the reported test year and September 30 of the reported test year. These data are not directly comparable with data for most other years.
\5\Subject test score data reflect the 3-year average for all examinees who tested between July 1 three years prior to the reported test year and June 30 of the reported test year. These data are not directly comparable with previous years, except for 1999 and 2000.
\6\Analytical writing test score data reflect the average for all examinees who tested between October 1, 2002, and June 30 of the reported test year.
\7\Verbal and quantitative test score data reflect the 3-year average for all examinees who tested between July 1 three years prior to the reported test year and June 30 of the reported test year. These data are not directly comparable with previous years.
\8\Analytical writing test score data reflect the 3-year average for all examinees who tested between July 1 three years prior to the reported test year and June 30 of the reported test year.
\9\On August 1, 2011, the GRE revised general test was introduced. Scores for the revised verbal reasoning and quantitative reasoning sections range from 130 to 170, in 1-point increments. Scores for the revised analytical writing section continue to range from 0 to 6, in half-point increments. For all three sections of the revised general test, 2011 scores are based on the performance of all examinees who tested between August 1, 2011, and April 30, 2012. These scores are not comparable with scores from previous years.
NOTE: GRE data include test takers from both within and outside of the United States. Prior to 2011, GRE scores for the verbal, quantitative, and analytical reasoning sections range from 200 to 800. Scores for the analytical writing section range from 0 to 6, in half-point increments. The range of scores is different for the various subject tests, from as low as 200 to as high as 990. The analytical reasoning section of the GRE, a multiple-choice test, was discontinued in September 2002 and replaced by the analytical writing section, an essay-based test. The education subject test was administered for the final time in April 1998. The engineering subject test was administered for the final time in April 2001. 
SOURCE: Graduate Record Examination Board, Examinee and Score Trends for the GRE General Test, 1964-65 through 1985-86; A Summary of Data Collected From Graduate Record Examinations Test-Takers During 1986-87; Guide to the Use of Scores, 1987-88 through 2012-13; GRE Volumes by Country, 2000-2011; and Interpreting Your GRE Scores, 2005-06 through 2011-12. U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Degrees and Other Formal Awards Conferred" surveys, 1964-65 through 1985-86; Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Completions Survey" (IPEDS-C:87-99); and IPEDS Fall 2000 through Fall 2011, Completions component. (This table was prepared November 2012.)